Prof. Irit Amit-Cohen


Conservation means careful management of the environment, its natural resources and cultural heritage (tangible and intangible) and cultural landscape - to prevent their loss or injury, but also to consider the need for development.


Preservation means the activity of protecting cultural assets, nature resources or cultural landscapes from loss or danger no matter the characters of the environment it is situated in, the needs or thoughts of the community whom it belongs.


Cultural heritage, nature heritage and cultural landscapes are all entwining with human thought and activity. Cultural landscapes have become one of the key theoretical and practical tools used in heritage studies and heritage practice to understand the way in which humans have engaged with the natural and cultural environments and modified them to create new forms of landscape. The diversity of types of "humanized" landscapes are considered including the cultural values of so called "natural landscapes", Indigenous cultural landscapes, landscapes of settlement and use, landscapes of routes, tracks and transport, build heritage environments, parks and gardens and other forms of contemporary cultural landscapes.


Current national, regional urban and rural plans emphasize the need for deeper understanding the different meanings of this field in order to analyze social tendency together with economical and physical changes in areas, which were declared for preservation or conservation.